The Norskarv Tingbok Resource Page

What is a Tingbok?

A tingbok was a local court register or land register that was maintained by the sorenskriver (local magistrate in rural areas) and by the byskriver (city magistrate) in cities.Disputes between individuals were often brought before these magistrates and recorded in the tingbøker. Individuals charged with crimes were also brought before the magistrates and the results of the charges recorded in the tingbøker.

Tingbøker (plural) often describe mundane court cases such as tax matters, land disputes, thievery and other petty crimes. But, in some cases, people were charged with crimes such as witchcraft, illegal fornication, and even murder.

Tingbøker were written in Danish. When they were written, Norway was in a union with Denmark. Like all languages, the Danish language has evolved since these records were written, so some translations can be tricky.

Why Did I Create the Tingbok Dictionary

I could find no single comprehensive online resource where the majority of tingbok words could be quickly translated into English. There are older Danish dictionaries available online, but in many cases they are simply pictures of dictionary pages and therefore not easily searchable. The spelling variations of many words found in tingbøker are also not always directly found in these dictionaries.

How Accurate are the Dictionary Definitions

I believe most of these definitions are completely accurate, yet some are merely guesses. This dictionary is a work in progress. I am continually revising old definitions even as I add new definitions. I have tried to mark uncertain definitions as “(not certain)”. You may come across a definition that is entirely inaccurate. I welcome corrections!

This dictionary is no substitute for a complete archaic or modern Danish dictionary. It is meant to be a quick Tingbok reference for those unfamiliar with the Danish or Norwegian language. I am not entering every variation of every word I come across.

Note that since I am working from tingbok transcriptions available on the Internet, some of these entries might be transcription errors from the original douments.

How Do I Translate Tingbok Text With This Dictionary?

Translating a block of tingbok text is more difficult than translating a single word. I’ve achieved decent results by first translating the older tingbøker Danish into modern Danish, then running the modern Danish through a translator such as Google Translate to convert it to English.

Google Translator translations, especially for older arrangements of words, will not always be entirely accurate and the nuances of the text can be lost. A Danish or Norwegian-speaking person would be your best translator!

Searching Tingbøker

Tingbok Locations

Unfortunately, the tingbok files below on this page are not globally searchable. You would need to open each file individually to search through them.

At the National Archives of Norway, a name search will scan all their digitized records, including tingbøker (probate records). Note: As of January 2016, a search of my ancestor's names yielded results in several categories of documents, but none in tingbøker. I'm not sure why.

Use Surname Variations

Using your surname when searching a historical document may seem obvious, but make sure you use all variations of your surname. For example, my surname is Hostager, but I have come across documents with my surname spelled Hostager, Høstager, Høstagger, Høstaker, Hostaker, Haustaker, Hauståkre, and Hauståker.

Use a Detailed Family Tree

A detailed family tree with a birth and death date and a place of residence for each ancestor will help determine whether a name found in a tingbok or other historical document is your ancestor.

Each individual tingbok is dated and covers a certain geographical area in Norway such as a county, a large city, or a group of cities. If possible, begin by searching tingbøker with the area(s) in Norway associated with your ancestors. If you find a potential ancester in a tingbok, search your family tree for the name. Try to determine if the name, dates and residence make a plausible match.

Links to Tingbøker Files on Norskarv.com

Akershus

Aker - 1681, 1682, 1684, 1686, 1687

Buskerud

Lier, Røyken, Hurum - 1680, 1681, 1682, 1683, 1684, 1686, 1687

Hordaland

Arne - 1773-1774

Hardanger, Lysekloster, Halsnøykloster, Voss - 1663, 1664, 1666, 1667, 1668, 1671, 1674, 1677, 1678, 1681, 1689, 1690, 1691-1692, 1699-1701, 1702, 1703, 1704, 1707,
1711, 1712, 1713, 1812-1813, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1818a, 1818b, 1819, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1825

Lindaas, Lindås - 1789

Nordhordaland - 1642-1648, 1648-1651, 1652, 1653-1654, 1654-1655, 1664, 1665, 1666, 1667, 1668, 1670, 1671, 1673, 1675, 1676, 1677, 1678, 1679, 1680, 1681, 1682,
1685-1687, 1689, 1690, 1694-1695, 1696-1697, 1699-1701, 1702-1704, 1704, 1705a, 1705b1706170717091711-1712171217131714, 1715a, 1715b, 1716, 17171719a,
1719b1720, 1721, 1722, 1725, 1726, 1727, 1728, 1728-1729, 1730, 1731a, 1731b, 1733a, 1733b, 1734, 1735, 1736a, 1736b, 1737, 1738, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1743, 1744,
1745, 1746, 1747, 1748a, 1748b, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1754, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1758, 1759, 1760a, 1760b, 1761, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1765, 17661767, 1768a1768b,
17691770, 1771, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815

Sartor - 1771-1772, 1772-1773, 1776, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789

Skiold - 1774-1775, 1777-1778, 1785, 1787, 1788, 1790

Sunnhordland - 1648-1649, 1650, 1651-1653, 1654-1655, 1655-1656, 1657-1659, 1659-1661, 1662, 1663a, 1663b, 1664, 1665, 1666, 1668, 1670, 1675, 1676a, 1676b,
1677-1678, 1679-1680, 1681, 1683, 1690, 1692, 1700, 1702, 1704, 1705, 1708, 1709, 1710, 1711, 1712, 1713, 1714, 1716, 1723, 1724, 1725, 1728, 1729, 1735, 1736, 1737,
1738, 1741, 1742, 1743, 1744, 1745, 1746, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1754, 1755

Voss - 1648-1653, 1654-1661, 1662-1663, 1681

Watzwærn - 1786

Nord-Trøndelag

Inderøy - 1689, 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1698, 1699, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709

Oppland

Fåberg - 1664, 1665, 1666, 1667, 1668, 1669, 1670, 1671, 1672, 1674, 1681, 1682, 1683, 1684, 1685, 1686, 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1698, 1699, 1700, 1701, 1705, 1706,
1707, 1708-1709, 1710, 1711, 1712, 1713, 1714-1716, 1717-1719, 1720-1723, 1724-1726, 1727-1729, 1730-1732, 1734-1735, 1736-1739, 1739a, 1739b, 1740-1746, 1747-1752,
1753-1757

Rogland

Ryfylke - 1653-1656, 1657-1659, 1660-1661

Sogn og Fjordane

Indre Sogn - 1652-1653, 1669, 1672, 1703, 1813-1814

Nordfjord - 1641, 1642, 1643, 1644, 1645, 1650 I, 1650 II, 1651, 1655, 1656, 1658, 1659, 1663, 1679, 1681, 1682, 1683,

Troms

Lenvik - 1723-1760, 1761-1790, 1791-1800

Tingbøker in the Norway Digital Archives